Oxycodone: Uses, dosage, risks, addiction, and interactions
Oxycodone is an opioid painkiller, otherwise known as a narcotic painkiller. It is used to treat moderate to severe forms of both acute and chronic pain. Oxycodone works by changing the brain’s perception of pain thus providing relief.Oxycodone may be used for short-term or long-term control of pain, depending on how it is formulated. Oxycodone is available in tablet, capsule and liquid forms.
Other Names for Oxycodone
Oxycodone is the generic term for the drug on its own; however, oxycodone also may be combined with other drugs. These other drugs that oxycodone can be combined with include NSAIDs, acetaminophen and ibuprofen.
Oxycodone may also be called:
- OxyContin, a longer acting form of Oxycodone
Oxycodone and acetaminophen together are known as the following:
Oxycodone and aspirin together are known as the following:
Oxycodone combined with ibuprofen is known as Combunox.
Oxycodone Adverse Effects
Oxycodone controls pain pretty effectively. However, because oxycodone is a powerful painkiller, it also has some potential adverse effects. These adverse effects include the following:
- Dizziness and/or drowsiness
- Dry mouth
- Mood changes
- Itching, flushing, and sweating
You may experience one or more of these adverse effects at some point while taking oxycodone. These adverse effects are usually benign. However, if these adverse effects become bothersome, please immediately inform your physician.
If you experience severe adverse effects, such as confusion, difficulty breathing or staying awake, seek immediate medical attention.
Oxycodone Dependence and Overdose
Oxycodone is in the news from time to time. Because it is a narcotic painkiller, it has the potential to become habit-forming. It should be noted, however, that there is a difference between building up a tolerance and becoming dependent a drug.
As with many pain medications, withdrawal symptoms can occur when you stop taking opioids. Some symptoms of opioid withdrawal include the following:
- Restlessness, often in the legs
- Difficulty sleeping and insomnia
- Muscle or bone pain
- Chills and cold sweats
To avoid withdrawal symptoms, it is best not to stop your medication cold turkey. If you want to stop taking oxycodone, talk to your physician about the best way to wean off of the painkiller.